• Feeling low in energy
  • Having difficulty with motivation
  • Experiencing Sadness
  • Feeling guilty and  a sense of shame
  • Ongoing irritability or anger
  • Grief
  • Changes in weight
  • Changes in sleep pattern
  • Difficulty getting out of bed
  • Social isolation or lack of interest in previously enjoyed hobbies

Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) by Segal, Williams, Teasdale (2002).

  • This method was originally designed to be used for preventing relapse of clients with depression.
  • Defined as the act of “paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment and non-judgmentally” (Kabat-Zinn, 1994, p. 4)
  • Puts the focus on the current moment rather than past or future events and encourages the use of visual, audio and sensory experiences.
  • Encourages awareness of ongoing thoughts and to become an observer your relationship to your thoughts, rather than to engage in avoidance or rumination.
  • Now also being used for patients with Bipolar Disorder or Generalized Anxiety Disorder with their mood and anxiety symptoms (Williams et al., 2008; Evans et al., 2008)

Emotion-Focused Therapy would involve

  1. Emotional Awareness Building- This includes looking at the relationship between your feelings, needs, wishes and values. Often our emotions prepare us for action in our environments. Our bodies are wired to pick up on emotions, that is why the limbic system responds to basic emotional responses. The Amygdala produces automatic emergency signals to the brain and produces gut reactions. Whereby in the neocortex pathway emotions are mediated by thoughts.
  2. Maladaptive Emotional Expression and how it relates to dysfunctions. This belief is that by helping you to understand your emotions, you can better manage the maladaptive patterns of behaviour that no longer fit your current situation.
  3. Emotional Regulation- Therapy would involve looking at fostering an environment that feels safe, calm, validating and empathic. Secondly, with the help of your therapist drawing on strategies to access emotions. This could involve attending to bodily emotions or remembering previous episodes. Third, strategies for containing emotions can be practiced such as: self-soothing, seeking support and understanding from others, using distancing imagery and naming and understanding emotions.
  4. Narrative Construction and Meaning Making- your experience with the therapist generates new emotions that are the basis for new meaning and understanding.



Hannah Esmaili-Counselling2Wellness Inc.
2896 Bloor Street West, Etobicoke, ON 


Best Rated Counselling Services in Etobicoke